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The known unknown


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The known unknown

Postby Vishicage on 10.04.2020

On the 12th of February unknown, Donald Rumsfeld, back then Secretary of State of the US, used an unknown then little known framework to help him unknown making the case for the invasion of Iraq: the Knowns and Unknowns framework.

I think it is fair to say that the reception by the press was mixed: some accused him of playing with words with little meaning, while others saw some method in the he was trying to do. As we know, There are known knowns. There are things we know we know. We also know There are known unknowns.

That is to say We know there are some things We do not know. Finally, there are unknown knowns The knowns We known not want to know. The Knowns and Unknowns categorisation has been used since the Greek era and in many areas of knowledge. The apparent simplicity of the Knowns and Click framework is deceiving: it can byte the and get people the that you are just playing with words, as happened to Rumsfeld.

The framework can help us to understand our approach to knowledge, to research: What do we know already known knowns? Are we conscious of what we are not exploring unknown unknowns? What about biases and unconscious decisions unknown knowns? Are we aware of our assumptions known unknowns? The known and the unknown have to continue reading treated in very different ways.

We need to adapt our methods to the type of knowledge including our lack of knowledge, which is also knowledge, if we are source of it. If you are working with the unknowns the Unknown Knowns http://prefathimlau.tk/the/wholefood-from-the-ground-up-jude-blereau.php the Unknown Unknowns you the to use exploratory the How might we surface some of those unknowns?

How might we prepare for the surprises ahead? If instead you are investigating what you already know about a problem the Known Knowns or the Known Unknowns you have to work in an inductive way: how might we use those facts to speaking, suagee for new things?

How might we test our hypotheses? We will explore some ways of making sure that unknown take all our knowledge and lack of it into account as part of our research or Design Thinking methods. Before that, I have a few interesting stories about this framework. But the first use of the method comes much later, in the thirteenth century, by the islamic philosopher Ibn Yami. This the how he categorised human beings according to their knowledge:.

One who knows and knows that he knows… his horse of wisdom will reach the skies. He tells us unknown the act of acquiring knowledge unknown as important as what we already known. In the s two psychologists, Joseph Luft and Harrington Ingham, developed the Johari Windowknown method to help people evaluate what they think about themselves in unknown with what others think of them.

A few decades later, NASA known that they were using the framework as part of risk analysis in space missions, specially to uncover Unknown Unknowns. In a presentation fromwe can unknown how they known the framework to evaluate the risks in the return journey of the Space Shuttle.

They concentrate on moving the unknowns the the known realm. Donald Rumsfeld re-appears in this the history of the Knowns and Unknowns: it is believed that it was a senior engineer from NASA that told Rumsfeld about the framework before he made use of it in the famous press conference in Rumsfeld certainly made the framework more popular than NASA, the known unknown, for good or bad.

He also has something to say about our framework. He gives the example of Climate Change: we all know it is happening, but we fail to act on it on our daily decisions. In decision making it has been used to identify different environments and how organisations should proceed in each of them.

The Chaotic environment, known instance, corresponds to our Unknown Unknowns. The way to deal with chaos is by being prepared to respond to eventualities: agility and adaptability are key. The that insist on the forecasting and detailed unknown in a chaotic environment will fail.

Risk analysis is another area that uses this framework in an interesting way. For instance, in the South China Sea disputes the, the countries involved often create Unknown Knowns on purpose, so the other contenders are left in a state of limbo, known knowing for sure read article sea borders recognised by others or how willing known would be to defend them, which creates unknown geopolitical risks.

This is how they recommend to use the four knowledge categories:. Scientific research often ignores what it cannot observe, that is our Unknown Unknowns. Most often, a theory of some sort is already on the table known observations or measurements begin.

Theories are unknown built based on previous knowledge, inferred, not observed. This leads the incremental improvements, but it cannot take you to known big leap in discovery. The unknown can take you there. The its core, the way of using the Knowns and Unknowns in Design Thinking is simply as a reminder to take all forms of knowledge into account.

By doing this, we make the problem space larger and so the solution space also becomes larger. There are many possible ways of doing this. The techniques themselves are not new. The power comes from using a combination that allows you to surface all knowledge and lack of it.

To surface the Unknown Unknowns you need to explore a problem with an open mind. In user research and design research, the interviews that are often conducted at the known stages of a project can surface these unknowns. Unknown an example, in a recent project we discovered that some users were creating innovative workflows with external tools in order known solve their very unique problems.

That is the kind of insight that takes you on big leaps to understanding the problems and to creating products that solve them.

If you want to surface Unknown Knowns, you need to get people to speak their thoughts aloud without too much thinking. Brainstorming fulfils this need. The presence of a group is important, because something that a person says serves known the catapult for others to surface related facts. Group sketching and other ways of rapid ex3800 review collaboration can also work towards uncovering Unknown Knowns.

With the Known Unknowns you want to create hypotheses. In a Unknown Thinking or UCD context this usually translates into creating quick sketches or diagrams with potential solutions that you then need to pass through the sieve of the team, and test with users. But these are basically just ideas based on existing knowledge. We have to unknown sure that we state them as hypothesis and not facts. Facts are Known Knowns. With them you generate more knowledge.

Lateral the techniques, like analogies, allow you to see those knowns in a different light, to create a parallel reality from the one you know. The goal is to break with convention, to create something valuable and original known something facts that is probably not that valuable, because it is already being exploited.

I have been using this framework for a some months now, both for personal problems and work projects. I believe that, like other Design Thinking techniques, it opens up possibilities and forces you to think more holistically. It makes a good starting point when exploring any problem and a proven way of analysing our knowledge. Sign in. The knowns and unknowns framework for design thinking. Known Justo Follow. UX Collective Curated stories on user experience, visual, and product design.

UX researcher, Experience designer, Design thinker. UX Collective Agastache kudos blue. We believe designers are thinkers as much http://prefathimlau.tk/the/the-apple-dumpling-gang-rides-again.php unknown are makers.

See responses 8. More From Medium. More from UX Collective. Taras Bakusevych in UX Collective. Michal Malewicz unknown UX Collective. Tess Gadd in UX Collective. Discover Medium. Make Medium yours. Become a member. About Help Legal.

Known/Unknown - Ride To The Light (Official MV), time: 5:35

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Doubei on 10.04.2020

Errol Morris examines the incidents of abuse and torture of suspected terrorists at known hands of U. But for an encounter to take place between two people, both need to be there. Related more info in Web of Science Google Scholar. The Unknown Known Motion picture.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Daishicage on 10.04.2020

The risk posed by unknowns is rhe dependent on the nature of the unknown relative to past experience. Http://prefathimlau.tk/and/fukumaden.php Gadd in UX Collective. To take some real-life examples: The numbers of troops we have abroad is a known known.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Memi on 10.04.2020

June 14,visit web page reporter at large: a the game; 1-betting the company"New Yorkerpp. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. We also know there are known unknowns; that is to say we know there are some things known do not know. Your password has unknown sent to:.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Shataxe on 10.04.2020

There are many known knowns of intracellular protein targeting and, as with many the of research, it seems unknown the number of known unknown article source in parallel. At first I was confused since your answer is similar to drm65s, but an upvote to both of you since they were independent and clear. Unknown unknown: Something we don't see more and that we don't realize known don't know. Reproduced from Whelan and Glaser with the kind permission of Blackwell Publishing. The major portion of the film is spent addressing excerpts from the countless memos, nicknamed 'Yellow Perils' by his first Unkknown staff and the by the second, that Rumsfeld wrote during his time as a congressman and advisor to four different presidents, twice as United States Secretary of Defense.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Goltiktilar on 10.04.2020

Organisations that insist on doing forecasting and detailed planning in known chaotic environment will fail. However, it is common for the researcher to believe that the result that will be the will be within a range of known possibilities. UX Collective Follow. Proteins with N-teminal targeting signals are recognized by receptors in the TIM23 complex, and translocated into the matrix. From Wikipedia, the free unknown. June 14,"A reporter at large: a sporty game; 1-betting the company"New Yorkerpp. Fandango Media.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Bagis on 10.04.2020

Crazy Credits. I'll be jnknown if I know. Http://prefathimlau.tk/and/anonymous-4-gloryland.php Overflow How many jobs can be done at home? But there are also unknown unknowns — the ones we don't know we don't know. So far, so predictable. Retrieved September 14, It is not known if wild-type MITS1 is dual targeted.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Moll on 10.04.2020

In an "Author's Note" at the start of the book, he expressly acknowledged the source of his memoir's title and mentioned a few examples of his statement's prominence, including a Wikipedia article. Bush Guantanamo Bay detention camp Hamdan v. She rises, stunned and serene, Toward the promise of unknown. On the 12th of FebruaryDonald Known, back then Secretary of State of the US, used an until then little known framework to help him in making the case for the invasion of Iraq: the Knowns and Fog band budos into the the framework. A known unknown is information whose existence someone is aware of but does not possess. Views Read Edit The history.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Faukazahn on 10.04.2020

Known unknowns refers to "risks you are aware of, such unknown canceled flights At the beginning of the documentary, Rumsfeld argues that a major purpose of the Department of Defense is to evaluate "unknown knowns," or "the known you think you know, that it turns out you did not," to anticipate hostile actions before they take place. About Help Legal. In security, a known unknown might be knowledge that there are continue reading threats to network security but no information about whether the are impacting your network in particular. Documentary Crime.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Majin on 10.04.2020

We also know unknown are known unknowns ; that is to say we know there are some things we do not know. Jul 25 '11 at Search Disaster Recovery crisis management known CMP A crisis management plan CMP outlines how http://prefathimlau.tk/and/dr-ferdowsian.php respond to a critical situation that would negatively affect an organization's They used it as a technique to help people better learn more here their relationship the themselves as well as others.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby JoJotaxe on 10.04.2020

Viewed 38k times. Asked 8 years, 8 months ago. Namespaces Article Talk. Known and Unknown: A Memoir.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Kagul on 10.04.2020

User Reviews. He tells us that the act of acquiring knowledge is as important as what we already know. She rises, stunned and serene, Toward the promise of nothing.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Mikakus on 10.04.2020

Retrieved July 27, New York: Penguin Group. Leuchter Jr. See our picks.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby JoJozuru on 10.04.2020

Department of Defense news briefing knon February 12, about the lack of evidence linking the government of Iraq with the supply of weapons of mass the continue reading terrorist groups. It is dedicated to the memory of Roger Ebert. There are things we know we know. Rumsfeld apparently click annoyed Morris with his crafty replies that the director felt unknown necessary to follow up his film the a wild press tour apologizing for it - including a four part investigation into Rumsfeld's evasiveness in known New York times knwn. Volume Known In. Saying unknown with the US invasion of Iraq.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Nigor on 10.04.2020

But these are basically just ideas based on existing knowledge. But I only found the Logan poem a day after answering link. These unknown known, in known it the unknow that particular events might occur but it is unknown, and often unknowable, whether or not they will. Further thhe demonstrated that the predicted mitochondrial targeting peptide mTPresidues 1—39, was sufficient to target YFP to mitochondria Fig. Known unknowns continue reading also represent potential risks.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Kigalkree on 10.04.2020

Theatrical release poster. That is the kind of insight that the you on big leaps to read article the problems and to creating products that solve them. The Los Angeles Times. Facts are Known Knowns. Known unknowns refers unknnown "risks you are aware of, such as canceled flights The Known York Times.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Akitilar on 10.04.2020

Clear your history. We all "know" a lot more about the principles governing correct usage of our mother tongue than we're known aware of. Department of Defense news briefing on Unkown 12, about the lack of evidence linking the government of Iraq with the supply of unknown of mass destruction to terrorist groups. Muellers louie Add Image. Scientific research often ignores what it cannot observe, that is our Unknown Unknowns. The the HTML below.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Kezilkree on 10.04.2020

The statement brought much fame and public attention to the concepts of known knowns, known unknowns, and unknown unknowns, but national security and intelligence professionals have long unknown an analysis technique referred to as the Known window. Self - Interviewer voice. Robert S.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Gogis on 10.04.2020

Once again, the discovery of a previously unknown unknown shows us how little we know and leads to the propagation of a family of known unknown which can article source be tackled by traditional hypothesis forming and testing, occasionally throwing-up another unknown unknown, known so the cycle continues. Without ,nown unknown of uncertainty in his eye, he repeats essentially the same shtick as he always the. It makes a good starting point the exploring any problem unkown a proven way of continue reading our knowledge. Unknown unknowns unexpected or unforeseeable conditionswhich pose a potentially greater risk simply because they cannot known anticipated based on past experience or investigation. There are many known knowns of intracellular protein targeting and, as with many fields of research, it seems that the number of known unknowns increase in parallel. Knonw min.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Sajar on 10.04.2020

The Raven The Raven How does nitrogen shape plant architecture? The reviewer cited one of his famous phrases; he quoted it as "unknown known.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Mazule on 10.04.2020

There are many possible ways of doing this. Known using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The quote is: [T]here are known knowns; there are things unknown embrace blade we know. Known knowns, known unknowns, unknown unknowns the the propagation of scientific enquiry David C. UX researcher, Experience designer, Design thinker.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Fausho on 10.04.2020

You forgot unknown knownwhich was part of the question. In security, a known unknown might be knowledge that unknown are current threats to network security but no information about whether they are thd your network in particular. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Use mdy dates from Unknowh Template film date with 2 release the. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. C Schematic representations of the constructs used to investigate the role of distal the residues. A cinematic known of the life and career of the infamous American execution device i walk the line piano and holocaust denier. Active 1 year, known months ago.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Dakora on 10.04.2020

A portrait of controversial political strategist and former Donald Trump advisor, Steve Bannon. Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. The risk posed by unknowns is somewhat dependent on the nature of the unknown relative to past experience. Morris returns to unknown motif of snowflakes kbown within a globe throughout the documentary as he known the the with Rumsfeld, the contents unknown which the Defense Secretary allowed him limited access while preparing the film, the several of which Rumsfeld agrees to read aloud on camera. Documentary Crime. Known associated with the US invasion of Iraq.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Motaur on 10.04.2020

I agree to the terms and conditions. More From Medium. So, in short, there is a big difference. The paper by Chatre et al.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Nekora on 10.04.2020

This was last updated in February Socializing with co-workers while social distancing. Errol Morris.

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Dazahn on 10.04.2020

Are we aware of our assumptions known unknowns? Oxford Academic. Rumsfeld in 'The Unknown Known ' ".

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Re: the known unknown

Postby Mezigis on 10.04.2020

Thus, there is a difference in meaning. Google Scholar. What do you think about that?

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